Kilimanjaro Lemosho Route & Safari Trip Notes

Ways to Travel:
Guided Group, Tailormade Adventures
Adventure Holidays in Tanzania
Walking & Trekking
Trip Code:
Activity Rating - Challenging/Tough
Challenging / Tough

You have a good level of fitness and are looking for a physically challenging holiday. Previous experience is essential for activity based trips.

15 Days Flight Inclusive
13 Days Land only
16 Min age

Trip Overview

After a rewarding climb on Kilimanjaro's Lemosho Route, go on safari in Tanzania’s national parks. First is great wildlife viewing in the natural sanctuary of Ngorongoro Crater, the best chance to see the threatened rhinoceros, as well as an abundance of other wildlife. Follow this with the vast open plains of the Serengeti, teeming with wildlife, especially during the seasonal wildebeest migration, and benefit from a flight back to Arusha, maximising our game viewing time.

At a Glance

  • 3 nights comfortable hotels and 2 nights comfortable permanent camp, all en suite
  • 7 nights full-service camping in 3 man tents
  • 8 days point-to-point walking with full porterage 
  • Group normally 4 - 16, plus leader. Min age 18 yrs
  • Altitude maximum 5895m, average 4000m
  • On safari we travel in 4WD land cruisers or landrovers depending on the group size
  • 15kg weight limit whilst on trek


Trip Highlights

  • A stunning eight-day route, designed to maximise acclimatisation
  • Stand on top of a continent, an unforgettable experience
  • We use 1 guide for every 2 clients
  • A classic safari to some of East Africa's finest game parks
  • The magnificent natural bowl of Ngorongoro Crater and the Serengeti

Is This Trip for You?

Grade 6- Challenging/ Tough

The summit attempt is graded 7 / tough because of the high altitude and the level of physical effort needed. Please be aware many clients find the summit day on Kilimanjaro the toughest physical challenge of their life. The rest of the trek is graded as 5- challenging, more as a consequence of the high altitude and extended wilderness camping than the difficulty of walking; hence the overall grading of this trek as challenging/tough.

Maximum altitude 5895m. This is a long and hard trek, which reaches an altitude of 5,895m. Even if you consider yourself fit, you might still find the climb very hard, depending on how well your body acclimatises to high altitude. There is no scientific way to determine how easily you might acclimatise, and be aware that the process  can differ from climb to climb. Most of the trails on the Kilimanjaro trek are well defined and of good quality but some forest sections can be slippery and moorland paths can be very wet in poor weather conditions. The final ascent to Uhuru peak is almost exclusively on scree and loose rock without permanent footpaths but no technical skills are required.

During the course of the trip we shall spend time at both high and low altitude, experiencing both extremely cold and quite hot conditions. You should be prepared for an early start every day on Kilimanjaro. The rate of ascent to high altitude on Kilimanjaro is rapid because of the shape and isolated nature of the mountain. Despite careful pacing and adequate hydration, it is probable that many trekkers will experience mild altitude sickness. Most recover quickly; but those affected by serious altitude problems will need to descend to a lower altitude with a member of the local staff and probably abandon the trek in the interests of safety. Please report any symptoms of altitude illness to our Guides immediately and be prepared to follow their advice. The decision of the Senior Local Guide in such situations will be final. Over 30,000 people attempt the climb of Kilimanjaro annually and there are, on average, two or three fatalities from Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS) every year. These fatalities are always the result of the failure to undertake a rapid descent quickly enough. Our Guides have had formal training to recognise and deal quickly with the symptoms of AMS, whilst our medical box contains drugs to facilitate a rapid descent together with an evacuation plan from each campsite on Kilimanjaro. Please note that thorough training and preparation still offer no guarantees in the remote and abnormal conditions that exist at higher altitudes on Kilimanjaro. Although rare, a number of medical conditions can also reduce your body's ability to acclimatise, and thus will affect your performance at altitude and make you more susceptible to AMS. If you are worried about any pre-existing condition (e.g. heart problems), or unsure of your physical ability, we recommend that you seek medical advice prior to booking.

During the safari we travel in 4WD safari vehicles with open tops allowing excellent game viewing. There will be some long drives but as most of these will be in parks and conservation areas they will allow for constant animal spotting. The flight from the Serengeti to Arusha is a domestic flight in a small aircraft.


The licenced Kilimanjaro Chief Guide is your leader. He will meet you upon arrival, and give a briefing at the hotel on Day 1. During the climb the leader is joined by assistant guides, cooks and porters. Exodus has a high guiding ratio on the mountain; 1 guide for every 2 clients.This is especially important on summit day where you may be feeling very tired. The guides are extremely experienced and are well trained in spotting the affects of altitude. Their guidance is often key to maximising your chances of reaching the summit. All safaris are led by experienced and friendly Tanzanian wildlife driver/guides (one per vehicle) who will have in depth knowledge of the animals and landscape in each of the safari parks. We have reduced the minimum age on all our Lemosho route treks from 18 to 16; we believe with the additional day of acclimatisation this trek should be manageable for a strong 16 or 17 year old with previous experience of sustained trekking and possibly at altitude. Please Note those under 18 must be accompanied by an adult on the trek and must pay an additional fee in advance (ask your sales consultant for prices) for an accompanying guide, this guide will give support throughout and be on hand should they need to come off the mountain at any point in the trek.

Adult min age:
Min group size:
Max group size:


Land Only Itinerary

  • Day 1

    Start Arusha.

    There will be a trip briefing this afternoon/evening. Please bring your passport and insurance details, and your air ticket details. The briefing will cover all aspects of your trip and will include the distribution of any hired equipment you have booked.
    Comfortable Hotel

    Meals included:
  • Day 2

    To Londorossi; begin ascent to Lemosho forest.

    In the morning we transfer to Londorossi (2250 m), passing between the slopes of Kilimanjaro and the horseshoe-shaped volcanic crater of Mt. Meru (a distance of about 120 km). After completing the necessary registration formalities, we drive on for a short distance through farmland and plantations to reach the Lemosho roadhead. The last 5 km of the road to the park gate is of poor quality, particularly after rain, and the drive there should be considered part of the adventure. We often have lunch in the glades before starting to walk. It is an easy day of walking up a small path through beautiful and lush forest, (this area has a variety of game including buffalo). We camp at Lemosho Forest camp (2650 m). Approx 3-4 hours walking.
    Full-service Camping

    Meals included:
    Distance covered: 7 km / 4 miles
    Activity (hours):
    3 to 4
  • Day 3

    Explore Shira Plateau; camp at Shira One.

    The trail starts out in the lush rich montane forest before ascending into the moorland zone of giant heather. The trail climbs steadily with views across the plains opening out as we reach the rim of the Shira Plateau. There is a tangible sense of wilderness especially if the afternoon mists come in. We camp in the centre of the plateau at Shira One (3550 m). Approx 6-7 hours walking.
    Full-service Camping

    Meals included:
    Distance covered: 8 km / 4.5 miles
    Activity (hours):
    6 to 7
  • Day 4

    Walk to Shira Cathedral to camp at Shira Hut.

    A day to help acclimatisation and to explore the grassy moorland and the volcanic rock formations of the plateau. We walk to the summit of Shira Cathedral, a huge buttress of rock surrounded by steep spires and pinnacles. There is a tangible sense of wilderness here (especially when the afternoon mists come in!) and the views from our camp near Shira Hut (3840m) of Mt. Meru floating on the clouds are simply unforgettable. The afternoon is free to relax. Approx 4-5 hours walking.
    Full-service Camping

    Meals included:
    Distance covered: 10 km / 6 miles
    Activity (hours):
    4 to 5
  • Day 5

    Descend; camp at Great Barranco Valley.

    A morning of gentle ascent and panoramic views, walking on lava ridges beneath the glaciers of the Western Breach. After lunch near the Lava Tower junction (4550m), we descend to the bottom of the Great Barranco valley (3900m), sheltered by towering cliffs and with extensive views of the plains far below. Approx 5-7 hours walking.
    Full-service Camping

    Meals included:
    Distance covered: 8 km / 4 miles
    Activity (hours):
    5 to 7
  • Day 6

    Over the Barranco Wall to Karanga.

    A short steep climb up the famous Barranco Wall leads us to an undulating trail on the south-eastern flank of Kibo, with superb vistas of the Southern Icefields. The terrain changes to volcanic scree, with pockets of lush vegetation in sheltered hollows, and a powerful sense of mountain wilderness. Our next camp is at Karanga (4000m) a short distance away, the valley floor has the last water point on the approach to Barafu, whilst we camp on the higher sides of the valley with views towards the glaciers of the southern icefields. Approx 4-5 hours walking.
    Full-service Camping

    Meals included:
    Distance covered: 5 km / 3 miles
    Activity (hours):
    4 to 5
  • Day 7

    Steep ascent to Barafu campsite, with optional afternoon ascent to bottom of S.E. Valley.

    The trail follows a path on compacted scree with wide views including the Barafu Ridge where our camp lies, the trail climbs unrelentingly to reach the Barafu campsite (4600m) for lunch. There is a short acclimatisation walk to the plateau at the bottom of the Southeast valley (4800m). The remainder of the day is spent resting in preparation for the final ascent before a very early night. Approx 3-5 hours walking.
    Full-service Camping

    Meals included:
    Distance covered: 3 km / 1 miles
    Activity (hours):
    3 to 5
  • Day 8

    An early start to reach Stella Point in time for sunrise: on to Uhuru Peak. Descend to Millennium Camp.

    We will start our ascent by torchlight around midnight so that we can be up on the Crater rim by sunrise. The steep climb over loose volcanic scree has some well-graded zigzags and a slow but steady pace will take us to Stella Point (5735m), in about five or six hours. We will rest there for a short time to enjoy the sunrise over Mawenzi. Those who are still feeling strong can make the two hour round trip from here along the crater rim to Uhuru Peak (5,895m), passing close to the spectacular glaciers and ice cliffs that still occupy most of the summit area. The descent to Barafu is surprisingly fast, and after some refreshment, we continue to descend to reach our final campsite (3800m) at Millenium camp. Most of us will be too tired to notice the beauty of the forest surrounding the crowded campsite. This is an extremely long and hard day with between 11 and 15 hours of walking at high altitude.
    Full-service Camping

    Meals included:
    Distance covered: 11 km / 6 miles
    Activity (hours):
    11 to 15
  • Day 9

    To Mweka Gate; transfer to Arusha.

    A sustained descent on a well-constructed path through lovely tropical forest alive with birdsong and boasting lush undergrowth with considerable botanical interest. Our route winds down to the national park gate at Mweka (1650m); and on through coffee and banana farms to Mweka village. The shower, the beer, and the swimming pool are tantalisingly close! We return by bus to Arusha (a distance of about 100 km). It is recommended that you repack your bags and leave all your Kilimanjaro climb equipment at the hotel because of the small luggage allowance on the flight returning from the Serengeti. Approx 4-6 hours walking.
    Comfortable Hotel

    Meals included:
    Distance covered: 5 km / 3 miles
    Activity (hours):
    4 to 6
  • Day 10

    Crater game drive in Ngorongoro.

    A specialist safari driver/guide will meet you at the lodge in Arusha at 7.30 am and we then drive to Ngorongoro Conservation Area. Ngorongoro is a conservation area rather than a national park; this means the whole area is managed for both the animals and the local Masai people who graze their cattle along side the indigenous wildlife. After stopping at the entrance gate, where there is a chance to learn a bit more about this fascinating volcanic landscape, we will drive around the rim of the crater itself. From here we can look down and see the herds of wildebeest or elephant. Finally we descend into the crater whose walls provide a natural sanctuary for the animals. This means there is plenty to see: lion, elephant, buffalo, rhino and leopard. The only animal you won't see in here is a giraffe whose long legs are unable to cope with the steep sides of the crater.
    Comfortable Hotel

    Meals included:
  • Day 11

    To Serengeti via Olduvai Gorge, afternoon game drive.

    We head towards the Serengeti National Park, en route there is an opportunity to visit Olduvai Gorge. It is within this steep sided ravine that Louis and Mary Leakey made some of the world's most important archaeological discoveries in the 1950s. Here in a small museum we are able to see evidence of our ancestors that have been dated up to 2.5 million years old. After lunch we drive into the Serengeti itself and the rest of the afternoon is spent game viewing in the vast plains that are broken only by stands of acacia trees and the occasional kopje. In December, January and February we will normally meet the migration with large herds of wildebeest, zebra, and gazelle. There are always plenty of resident animals, such as giraffe, buffalo, and elephant, and many large predators such as lion, cheetah, and leopard. We spend tonight in a comfortable permanent camp where we can enjoy the immense Africa skies and fall asleep listening to the sound of the bush.
    Comfortable Camping

    Meals included:
  • Day 12

    Full day in Serengeti.

    We have another full day here rising early to make the most of our time. There are excellent opportunities for game viewing around the nearby Seronera River, with crocodiles and hippos in the pools and large lion prides in the area. Our camp is excellently situated, so you have good chances of catching the migration, even outside the obvious months of December, January and February; in fact you might not need to go very far in July and August, since the herds often pass close to, and even through, the camp! In July a drive to the Western Corridor is an excellent opportunity to see the wildebeest cross the Grumeti River, home to some of the largest crocodiles in Africa. In August and September, a drive to the northern part of Serengeti near Lobo, provides an opportunity to view the migration as well as a scenic and little visited part of Serengeti.
    Comfortable Camping

    Meals included:
  • Day 13

    Fly to Arusha; end.

    Our final day, we leave the Serengeti National Park, but even the drive to the airport will offer us some game viewing opportunities. We fly from here to Arusha, where we will have a good lunch and collect any luggage (Kilimanjaro equipment) left at the hotel, and maybe enjoy a bit of shopping, before we head to the airport for our flight home (for those on the group flights).

    Meals included:

Extend Your Trip


If you are keen to end your holiday on a very relaxed note Zanzibar is a place to relax on the beach, to explore the colourful reef offshore, or to simply relax and soak up the sun! You can choose to add on as many extra nights to your trip as you wish; your time on the island will be at leisure for you to do as you wish. We transfer to Kilimanjaro Airport and fly to Zanzibar, on arrival we transfer to the south west coast of the island. The accommodation used, Fumba Beach Lodge is far from other developments, the feeling of peace is all encompassing and there is a long strip of private beach, pool, spa, diving centre and spacious rooms. Please note that on Zanzibar you will be met and transferred between the airport and hotel but you are not escorted or guided. If you choose to take advantage of this opportunity then we can arrange flights for you to Zanzibar as well as booking the hotel on half board and included all the transfers needed.

Prices -from £275 per twin room per night in 2017

from £295 per twin room per night in 2018

Transfers to and from Zanzibar airport are £60 each way for up to 4 people in a vehicle

We can also book other hotels for you on the island including Kichanga Lodge and Tembo Hotel.


Hotels, Lodges & Camping

3 nights comfortable hotels/lodge, 2 nights comfortable permanent camp, all en suite, 7 nights full-service camping in 3 man tents.
You will spend 3 nights in comfortable hotels and lodges with 2 nights in permanent camps with en suite facilities. During the climb you will have 7 nights of full-service camping, with a private toilet tent. We can arrange extra accommodation before or after the trip.

A single supplement is available from GBP470 (includes single tent)

Single supplement from £515.00

Food & Transport

Eating & Drinking

All breakfasts, 12 lunches and 11 dinners included.

On trek the emphasis is on a varied and well balanced diet with fresh fruit and soup to maximise the daily intake of fluids. Vegetarians are well catered for but you should inform Exodus before departure of any special dietary requests.  In Tanzania the availability of certain products for restricted diets, e.g. gluten-free or dairy-free, is minimal or non-existent so we strongly recommend you bring specialised dietary items from home.

You may find it beneficial to bring some 'summit snacks' with you; summit day is a long trekking day and high energy snacks are not readily available in Tanzania. All meals during the climb and safari are included. Please allow about GBP10 (USD15) for meals not included.


Whilst the water we provide on Kilimanjaro is suitable for drinking you may wish to be extra safe and treat it with your own water purification tablets.  Biox Aqua drops or tablets are the best available alternative for sale in the UK as they kill giardia and crytosporidium.


Depending on the size of the group either a minibus or a bus is used for the transfer from Arusha to Lemosho, Mweka to Arusha, and for the journeys between Kilimanjaro Airport and Arusha.

We use long wheelbase 4WD vehicles while on safari. These are best suited to the local road conditions. The roofs can be raised or removed during game drives, giving good all round views and excellent photographic opportunities.

Weather & Seasonality

Weather Information

Although Tanzania lies in the tropics, the temperature depends more on altitude than on season. Northern Tanzania has temperatures ranging from 16ºC to 23ºC in August, rising to 18ºC to 28ºC in February. The 'long rains', during which we do not operate trips, occur from late March to May, and there are intermittent 'short rains' in November and December, though the latter have no great effect on mountain climbs.

Kilimanjaro can be climbed at any time of the year but it is usually very wet in the rain forest in April and May. January and February are the warmest months. Above the cloud line the days are warm and pleasant, with temperatures in sunlight often above 20ºC, but the nights can get very cold. It is possible for temperatures to get as low as -20ºC at Barafu campsite, our highest overnight stop. The daily weather pattern on the mountain tends to be clear mornings with an afternoon cloud build-up that often clears before sunset. In the (European) summer, the weather is usually cloudy at lower altitudes and often sunny above 3,500 m. Please note that mountain weather conditions are never totally predictable and we may meet wet and snowy conditions at any time.

Weather Charts

Joining Instructions

Travelling flight inclusive from London: 15 days

The group flight from London is an overnight flight departing the day before Day 1 of the itinerary.

Flights from London

We normally use the scheduled services of Kenya Airways or Ethiopian Airlines (depending on availability). As flight timings and schedules change regularly we recommend you call one of our specialist sales staff or your agent to confirm up‐to‐date timings. Please note timings may change at a later date and cannot be confirmed until approximately two weeks before departure.

Internal flights during the trip are with a local airline.

Travelling land only: 13 days starting and ending in Arusha

Your trip normally starts at our accommodation in Arusha in the afternoon of Day 1 of the itinerary. Details of how to reach the start point are provided in the Final Joining Instructions ‐ sent approximately two weeks before departure.


As advice about luggage allowances for both hand and hold luggage is subject to change, we suggest you check the airline's website for the latest information prior to your departure. The usual, standard check-in baggage weight allowance is 20kg.

In the unlikely event of any of your luggage being misplaced or damaged, a Property Irregularity Report (PIR) must be filed with the appropriate airline if you subsequently wish to make a claim against the airline or on your travel insurance. This must be done at the airport where your baggage arrived, or should have arrived.

Regional Flights

The Flight Inclusive price is based on a London departure, but we are happy to tailor this to your local or regional airport. Please ask about flights from local or regional airports.

If booking regional flights other than with Exodus, you must allow a minimum connecting time (in addition to the international check-in time) of 1 hour at Gatwick, and 1.5 hours at Heathrow; this is longer than the official minimum, but baggage handling is known to be subject to delays.

Full joining instructions including local emergency numbers will be sent to you as part of our Final Joining Instructions. If you do not receive these at least a week before departure, or require them earlier please contact our office or your travel agent.

Transfers Details

Airport transfers are included for those on the group flights. Please note that transfers are not included for clients arriving on any other flight, even if Exodus has booked it.

If you require airport transfers, you may (by prior arrangement only) be able to join the group transfer. Transfers are arranged to coincide with the arrival time of the group flight - please check the group flight details 2 weeks before departure. If you do not take this transfer, or miss it, you must make your own way to the joining point at your own expense.

If you would like us to organise a private transfer, the cost is from £60 per vehicle (max.4 persons) and is payable before departure. Please ensure that you provide us with all relevant information at least 2 weeks before departure.

Information about travel to Marangu from Nairobi can also be obtained from the London office.

The cost of a taxi is likely to be about £60 (approx. US$100) should you decide to make your way independently.

Location start:
Location end:

What to Take

Essential Equipment

You will be sent a Kilimanjaro high altitude kit list on booking. This includes information on hire kit as its is possible to rent sleeping bags, sleeping mats, duvet jackets and walking poles, these must be pre booked through Exodus. All luggage for the Kilimanjaro climb should be packed in a soft kitbag or duffel bag.The weight limit on trek is 15kgs. This does not include your daypack. All camping equipment is provided except for your own personal equipment.
4/5 season sleeping bag
Sleeping mat
Good quality boots well worn‐in (leather recommended)
4/5 season duvet jacket
Fleece jacket or equivalent, Warm sweater(s)
Thermal underwear
2 x 1 litre water bottle (disposable bottles are not permitted on the mountain)
Waterproof jacket and trousers
2 pairs of gloves
Warm hat or balaclava
High factor (at least 30+) sun cream for the twin exposure to high altitude and equatorial sun.
Thick socks
Head torch (with spare batteries, possible freezing temperatures at altitude can affect your batteries, so we recommend a couple of spare sets!)
30‐40 litre daypack
We recommend summit snacks (see food section above)
Whilst climbing Kilimanjaro you can leave clean clothes and other items not needed at the hotel in 
Arusha. A first aid kit is carried on each trek, but you should bring you own first aid kit with diarrhoea  treatment, painkillers, rehydration sachets, insect repellent (with DEET), plasters and a blister treatment kit.

If you book this trip, we provide an Exodus kitbag to pack your luggage in whilst on trek. If you book via an agent, it is at the agent's discretion and you should speak directly to them to arrange delivery. Please note that if you book less than three weeks before the departure date we cannot guarantee that your kitbag will arrive before your trip starts, so if this is the case please contact us on [email protected] to let us know. For full T&Cs see

At time of writing the standard weight limit for hold baggage on the recommended international carrier for this trip is 20kg. We recommend packing only one piece of checked baggage.

Internal flights in the destination country are subject to a weight limit of 15kg.

As advice about luggage allowances for both hand and hold luggage is subject to change, we suggest
you check the airline's website for the latest information prior to your departure.

Equipment Hire

Duvet jackets and sleeping bags are available for hire from Trek Hire UK. Trek Hire UK can also provide a range of trekking essentials and accessories, from rucksacks to trekking poles. Please note that supplies are limited, and it is advisable to reserve any equipment as early as possible. For trips to Kilimanjaro, Nepal and Peru, certain items such as duvet jackets, sleeping bags and thick mattresses (mattresses not available in Nepal) can be hired through our local agents. For Kilimanjaro and Nepal trips these must be pre-booked through the Exodus office to ensure availability. For trips to Peru there is no need to pre-book these as they can be arranged locally through your tour leader in Cuzco. Please call for details.

Optional Equipment

Walking poles

Summit snacks

Entertainment for the evenings, a book/ playing cards

If you book this trip, we provide an Exodus kitbag to pack your luggage in whilst on trek. If you book via an agent, it is at the agent’s discretion and you should speak directly to them to arrange delivery. Please note that if you book less than three weeks before the departure date we cannot guarantee that your kitbag will arrive before your trip starts, so if this is the case please contact us on [email protected] to let us know. For full T&Cs see

Reading List

Kilimanjaro ‐ A trekking guide to Africa's highest mountain
Trailblazer Guides, Henry Stedman

The Tree Where Man Was Born Peter Matthiessen (The Harvill Press 1994) A beautiful description of
the peoples and landscape of East Africa in the early 70's.

Kilimanjaro John Reader (Elm Tree Books 1982) A coffee table book that makes an excellent souvenir
of the trip.

Kilimanjaro: To The Roof of Africa Audrey Salkeld (National Geographic Books 2002)
Another coffee table book that would make an excellent souvenir of the trip.

Guide to Tanzania Philip Briggs (Bradt Publications 4th edition) The other excellent general guidebook.

Trekking in East Africa Lonely Planet: Guide to all the popular trekking destinations in Tanzania,
Kenya, Uganda, Malawi and Ethiopia.

Cameras of Kilimanjaro Helen Osler. A hard cover book of photographs all of which were taken by the
porters who work on Kilimanjaro. All profits raised from the sale of this book will be donated to
Kilimanjaro Porters Assistance Project. For more information and to purchase the book visit:

Zombies on Kilimanjaro Tim Ward. A rite of passage father‐son journey above the clouds


West Col productions have printed an excellent map and guide to Mt. Kilimanjaro (1:75 000). This
maps is generally available from Stanfords and other good map/book shops. There is also a good
Bartholomew 'East Africa' map. Locally produced maps of Kilimanjaro are available in Marangu, as is a
revised version of the West Col map at a scale of 1:50000. For further information contact
Stanfords at Long Acre, London, WC2E 9LP. Tel: 020 7836 1321. Website: If you are interested in any of these books then you can order them from our very own Exodus shop, 'Exodus Travel Essentials' in partnership with Amazon.

Practical Information


Adventure Holidays in Tanzania

All nationalities require a full passport that must be valid for 6 months beyond the intended length of stay. It is your responsibility to have the correct personal documents and to obtain your own visa, if one is necessary, in accordance with the regulations of the country you are to visit. The information below is primarily for UK passport holders, and other nationalities should check with their travel agent or the relevant embassies. We are not responsible for the actions of local immigration and customs officials, whether at points of entry or otherwise, and any subsequent effects.


Adventure Holidays in Tanzania

Most nationalities require a tourist visa for Tanzania, including British nationals, most EC nationals, Australians, New Zealanders, Americans and Canadians. The visa is available at the border and the cost for British and most other European Nationals is USD50 cash, whilst for US citizens it is USD100 cash.

Visa regulations can change without notice: please check the current regulations in good time to obtain a visa if one is required.


Adventure Holidays in Tanzania

Please note that although Tanzania does not officially require proof of Yellow Fever vaccination, at most airports and other points of entry you may be required to show a certificate of vaccination or an exemption certificate. This includes coming from Europe via, or transiting through an endemic country including the airports of Nairobi (Kenya) and Addis Ababa (Ethiopia). If visiting Zanzibar from mainland Tanzania border officials have been known to demand proof of Yellow Fever vaccination or an exemption certificate.

Recommended vaccinations are: Polio, Tetanus, Typhoid, Hepatitis A. Malaria prophylaxis is essential and we suggest that you seek advice from your GP or travel health clinic about which malaria tablets to take. Dengue fever is a known risk in places visited. It is a tropical viral disease spread by daytime biting mosquitoes. There is currently no vaccine or prophylaxis available for Dengue, and therefore the best form of prevention is to avoid being bitten. We recommend you take the usual precautions to avoid mosquito bites.

Travel health can often be something people forget about before going away, but a little preparation and knowledge can go a long way to help you stay fit and healthy while abroad.

Malaria prophylaxis is essential on this trip, and we suggest that you seek advice from your GP or travel health clinic about which malaria tablets to take.

Bilharzia is known to occur in some of the lakes or rivers visited on this itinerary, we therefore advise all to take advice from your guide or leader locally before venturing for a swim.

Dengue fever and/or Chikungunya are known risks in places visited on this trip. Both are tropical viral diseases spread by daytime biting mosquitoes. There is currently no vaccine or prophylaxis available for either, and therefore the best form of prevention is to avoid being bitten. We recommend you take the usual precautions to avoid mosquito bites.

The above information can change at short notice; as we are not qualified to answer all your questions about travel health we strongly recommend you contact your Medical Professional or a Travel Health Clinic at least 8 weeks prior to departure for up-to-date information.

For additional information please visit:

Altitude warning

This trip includes one or more nights over 3500m above sea level, where there is a genuine risk of being affected by Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS). If left untreated AMS can be life-threatening. We expect most clients to experience some mild symptoms of altitude sickness, such as headaches and shortness of breath while walking or sleeplessness. Our leaders are trained to identify symptoms of severe AMS and if a client requires extra care, arrangements such as rapid descent will be made immediately.

On some days this trip climbs faster than commonly published ascent rate recommendations. Based upon an assessment by our external safety and medical advisors and our risk assessment process, we consider the ascent rate is acceptable due to the additional safety measures that are in place for our customers. All our trips operating at high altitude meet our internal altitude safety standards that minimise the risk of serious incidents occurring whilst travelling at altitude.

A number of medical conditions or medications can reduce your body's ability to acclimatise. This may affect your performance and make you more susceptible to AMS. If you are worried about any pre-existing conditions, such as heart conditions, or your overall physical ability, you must seek medical advice prior to booking. The drug Diamox (also known as acetazolamide and normally only available on prescription) has been shown to aid acclimatisation in some individuals, and therefore may reduce the risk of AMS. Clients considering using Diamox should speak to their doctor about the drug, its side-effects and a prescription. Please note that while we endeavour to assist all our clients in achieving their goals, there may be times when your leader decides to delay or stop your ascent based on your overall condition, or the onset of AMS.

If you are not taking out Exodus Travel Insurance, make sure that your policy covers you up to the maximum altitude on this trip (if trekking in the Himalaya your policy should also cover the use of a helicopter for emergency medical evacuation).

Insurance - are you adequately covered?

It is a condition of joining any of our holidays that you must be fully insured against medical and personal accident risks (to include repatriation costs and air ambulance or helicopter rescue services where appropriate). On arrival in destination for your trip, you will be asked to present details to your leader or local representative of your policy.

If you are resident in the UK we strongly recommend the Exodus travel insurance policy, this is specifically designed to cover all activities on your trip. If arranging your own policy please ensure that you are covered for all activities that are part of the trip, optional activities that you intend to take part in and/or on high altitude itineraries, that you are covered up to the maximum altitude of the trip.

Local Time

Adventure Holidays in Tanzania's Timezone:
Africa/Dar_es_Salaam EAT (GMT +03:00)


Adventure Holidays in Tanzania's Electricity:

230V, 50Hz. They use three flat pronged sockets.

230V 50Hz. There are no facilities to recharge batteries while on trek.

Power cuts are a frequent occurrence so you should be prepared for this at the lodges in Tanzania.


Adventure Holidays in Tanzania's Currency

The national currency of Tanzania is the Tanzanian Shilling (TZS), with an exchange rate at the time of publication of approximately 2675 to the UK£ and 2188 to the US$.

Exchange rates are correct at the time of publication.

We recommend that you take most of your money in US dollars issued from 2009 or newer with the big head design.

Tanzanian shillings may not be imported or exported. There is no restriction on the import of foreign currency provided it is declared on arrival. On leaving Tanzania you may convert any amount of TZS into hard currency provided that you have a currency exchange receipt.

ATM Availability

There are ATM machines in Arusha but due to regular power cuts these should not be wholly relied upon. Moivaro Lodge accepts payment by credit card although there is a service charge applicable. It is possible to change traveller's cheques but this is becoming more difficult and time consuming and can also attract
a commission so are not recommended. They do however offer security and can usually be replaced quickly if lost or stolen. Bring cheques from either Thomas Cook or American Express, as cheques from lesser‐known banks may not be accepted.


Extra Expenses & Spending Money

Luggage to be carried by porters on the Kilimanjaro trek is limited to 15kgs per person. Any client wishing to take extra luggage should allow about US$185 per porter, which is payable in US dollars cash to our local agents at the commencement of the climb. It is not possible to spend much money on the mountain climb but both alcohol and souvenirs are readily available in Arusha.
If anyone needs to leave the group at any point during the trip (for reasons such as an early descent from Kilimanjaro due to altitude sickness), all expenses incurred until rejoining the group on the itinerary described in these Trip Notes are the responsibility of the individual(s) concerned and should be paid to our local operators before leaving Tanzania.

See also Food section above for extra expenses.

Whilst on safari there will be little to spend your money on. You should allow between US$5 and US$15 a day for incidentals, drinks and postcards. There may be opportunities for souvenir shopping in which case you should allow some money for this.

Altox personal oxygen system ‐£185

This should be pre‐ordered before travel

The Altox Personal Oxygen System is designed to help close the altitude gap between the top camp
and the summit.

The pack includes:

2 x Oxygen Cylinders (each cylinder gives 12hours endurance)

1 x Oxygen Regulator

1 x Pulse Dose Delivery System

1 x Silicone Nasal Cannula

1 x Personal Backpack

An additional porter to carry the system

The complete system is supplied in a protective Pelicase and backpack, carried by your porter.

Guides are all fully trained in the use of the system. For more information go to


This is entirely at your own discretion however; we suggest that you allow some dollars for tips for the local guides and staff. Our local staff are paid well and fairly for their work but in Tanzania, with the increase in tourism, tipping has become customary. Although this is not compulsory the local staff will expect some gratuity and we suggest you allow for this.  

In the pre-trip briefing the trip co-ordinator will suggest to the group that they donate a sum of between US$250 to US$275 per person for all the staff on Kilimanjaro and safari. This money is then used to tip guides, porters and the cook etc. How to distribute the tips will also be explained in the pre-trip briefing. It is basically to ensure that the hassle is taken out of various activities for you. It is also normal to give small tips in restaurants, to luggage porters, and to drivers.

Responsible Tourism

At Exodus we believe in the power of Responsible Travel.

Every time we travel, we are part of a global movement that creates jobs, builds more sustainable societies, encourages cultural understanding and safeguards common natural and cultural heritage. To learn more about what Responsible Travel means to Exodus click here… 


Established in 2003, the Kilimanjaro Porters Assistance Project (KPAP) is a legally registered Tanzanian not-for-profit organization, whose aim is to improve the working conditions of the porters on Kilimanjaro.

Once you have climbed Mount Kilimanjaro you’ll appreciate that porters are the backbone of the trek.. KPAP’s focusses on improving the working conditions of the porters by:

 Lending mountain clothing to porters free of charge

Advocating fair wages and ethical treatment by all companies climbing Kilimanjaro

Encouraging climbers to select a climbing company with responsible treatment practices towards their crew

Providing educational opportunities to the mountain crew

Exodus is a member of KPAP  as these clear aims are in keeping with the company's overall approach to treks using human porterage.

Please check the website for more details

Exodus Community

Join the Exodus online community

Don't forget to visit the Community area on our website. You can view the range of Exodus videos and podcasts, read trip write-ups which have featured in the national media and take advantage of some special deals on travel gear and equipment.

In the Community Travel Forum you'll find the Departure Lounge where you can discuss your trip with fellow travellers before you depart. When you get back from your holiday remember to upload your images to the relevant trip page on our website. This helps other people see what our holidays are really like and you'll be entered automatically into our monthly photo competition.

To make full use of the Community you'll need to join My Exodus. It's free, registration is simple and easy, so what are you waiting for?


Important Information

On all guided trips

Although our leaders are well trained to deal with different capabilities, if they have any concerns about someone’s ability to safely partake in an activity, or their impact on other people’s enjoyment, we authorise them to take necessary action which, in some circumstances, may involve asking someone to miss that activity.

Although rarely enforced, by booking this trip you agree to section 16 of our Booking Conditions which clearly states that our leaders have the authority to do this. In these circumstances we will ensure anyone sitting out is safely provided for and offered alternative options where possible. Refunds will not be provided for activities missed and customers may be liable for additional costs incurred.

On all trips

In booking this trip you should be confident in your ability to participate in all activities described in these Trip Notes. If you have any doubt about your suitability you should call the Exodus office and ask to speak to one of the experts on this itinerary.

In an emergency, please contact our 24 hour out of hours service on +44 (0) 844 326 7041.

Every time that you travel abroad you should take the time to read the warnings in the essential information in the brochure.

Full joining instructions including local emergency numbers, and details of how to reach the start point, will be sent to you approximately 2 to 3 weeks prior to departure. If you do not receive these at least a week before departure, or require them earlier please contact our office or your travel agent.

The information in these Trip Notes is given in good faith. Where differences exist between the Trip Notes and our current brochure or website, the Trip Notes supersede the brochure and website. All holidays can be subject to unexpected changes; in order to enjoy them you should be prepared to be flexible where necessary. Occasionally, as stated in our brochure, it may not be possible to follow the itinerary as planned. This may be for a variety of reasons - climatic, political, physical or other. In these circumstances we will make the best possible alternative arrangements that maintain the integrity of the original itinerary.

As fuel prices, airport taxes and exchange rates fluctuate, and airlines manage their rates to match demand, it is proving harder than ever to guarantee our Flight Inclusive prices. Although we endeavour to keep our website as accurate as possible, daily fluctuations mean that our Flight Inclusive price may be out of date. For accurate prices we recommend that you contact one of our Travel Experts, or your Travel Agent.



The Foreign & Commonwealth Office and the NHS have up-to-date advice on staying safe and healthy abroad. For more on security, local laws, plus passport and visa information, see

Keep informed of current travel health news by visiting

Advice can change so check regularly for updates.

For all latest travel information about your holiday, please visit our Travel Safety Advice page.

How to Book

1. Check availability

Go online to check availability, or contact us by phone or email.

2. Secure your place

You can provisionally hold a place on this trip, usually for between three and seven days.

3. Complete your booking and payment

When you're ready to book, go to for online booking, book over the phone or you can complete a booking form (available online or on request by calling us). We accept all major credit and debit cards, or you can pay be cheque. Book with confidence: Exodus is fully licensed and bonded as a tour operator. We hold Air Traffic Organisers Licence (ATOL) number 2582 issued and bonded with the Civil Aviation Authority (CAA). We are also bonded to the International Air Transport Association (IATA) and we are members of the Federation of Tour Operators (FTO) and ABTA ‐ The Travel Association. This means you can book your Exodus holiday with confidence, as all monies paid to us for your trip are fully protected.


These Trip Notes are valid from the "Current as" date on page one. They will occasionally be updated post booking and pre-departure; if there are any updates that significantly impact the inclusions or itinerary bookers will be written to separately. All customers will also receive a link to the most up-to-date version of the Trip Notes with their Final Joining Instructions pre-travel.