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One of Cuba’s greatest natural attractions, Viñales has been declared a National Natural Monument for its remarkable landscapes. The valley, in Pinar del Río province, is a fine example of a karst valley, where mogotes, knolls with rounded tops and steep slopes, contrast harmoniously with the flat surface of the valley where they stand.
The valley floor you is intensively cultivated - mainly tobacco, taro and bananas -dotted with farmers’ houses, all forming a rural landscape of great beauty. Old-fashioned farming methods are still used in Viñales, notably to grow tobacco. The local population is an ethnic mix that illustrates the cultural development of the Caribbean and Cuba in particular.
The flora is an important element in Viñales, with several plants endemic to Cuba. Viñales has been on UNESCO’s World Heritage List since November 1999 as a cultural landscape enriched by traditional farm and village architecture.